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  • Back Pain


    Back pain or backache is the pain felt in the back that may originate from damage to the...

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  • Spinal Disorders


    The spine is made up of a column of small bones called vertebrae that surround and protect the spinal cord and...

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  • Vertebrogenic and Discogenic Pain

    Vertebrogenic and Discogenic Pain

    Coming soon

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  • Sciatica


    The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body. It begins in the lower back and extends through the buttocks down the back of...

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  • Degenerative Spinal Conditions


    A degenerative condition is a continuous deterioration of a tissue or an organ in your body over time.

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  • Peripheral Nerve Compression


    The peripheral nervous system transmits signals from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of your body.

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  • Disc Changes


    The cartilaginous disc is made up of an outer fibrous layer called the annulus fibrosus, which...

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  • Adjacent Segment Disc Disease


    Adjacent segment disc disease is associated with new degeneration symptoms, but may be asymptomatic and...

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  • Spine Injuries in Athletes


    Spine injuries in athletes are defined as damage sustained by the spine as a result of physical trauma or overuse in people who are...

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  • Spinal Injuries at Work


    Spinal injuries are the most common workplace injuries that may occur...

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  • Spine Trauma


    Spine trauma is defined as an injury or damage to any region of the spine.The spine extends from the neck to the lower back and...

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  • Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

    Traumatic-Spinal-Cord Injury

    A traumatic spinal cord injury is an injury from sudden physical trauma that results in a fracture, dislocation, or compression of...

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  • Spine Arthritis


    Spine arthritis is a condition characterized by the inflammation, degeneration, or wearing out of cartilage in the joints of the spine.

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  • Facet Joint Arthritis


    Facet joints, also called zygapophyseal joints, are synovial joints located...

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  • Isthmic spondylolisthesis


    Isthmic spondylolisthesis is a spinal disorder in which one vertebra glides forward over the vertebra below.

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  • Spinal Instability


    Spinal instability refers to the condition of failure of the spinal column to maintain its normal structure.

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  • Fractures of the Spine


    A fracture of the spine is a break in the bone continuity of the spinal vertebrae or vertebral column.

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  • Spinal Compression Fractures


    A compression fracture of the vertebra occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) collapse.

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  • Osteoporotic Fractures

    Osteoporotic Fractures

    Osteoporosis is a bone disorder where your bones become fragile and weak causing them to break easily.

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  • Pseudarthrosis/Nonunion


    Pseudarthrosis is an unhealed broken bone, also known as nonunion. Usually, damaged or broken bones heal over time by...

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  • Spine Deformities


    The spine or backbone provides stability to the upper part of our body. It helps to hold the body upright.

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  • Kyphosis


    Kyphosis is a condition of abnormal curvature of the spine that causes rounding of the upper back or a hunchback.

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  • Adult Kyphosis-Types and Causes


    Adult kyphosis, the condition of curve in the spine is categorized into the following...

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  • Lordosis


    Lordosis places greater pressure on the spine causing pain, muscle spasm, bladder or bowel difficulties, or...

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  • Spine Bone Spurs


    Spine bone spurs, also called osteophytes, are bony projections that develop in the spine’s facet joints where...

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  • Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis


    Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a condition that commonly affects the spine.

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  • Spinal Tumors


    A spine tumor is the abnormal growth of uncontrolled tissues or cells in and around the spinal cord.

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  • Benign Spinal Tumors


    Benign spinal tumors are non-cancerous. Some commonly occurring benign spinal tumors include...

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  • Chordoma


    Chordoma is a rare, slow-growing malignant tumor that develops in the spine and skull bones.

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  • Cauda Equina Syndrome


    Cauda equina syndrome is an emergency condition characterized by persistent severe lower back pain caused by...

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  • Spinal Infection

    Spinal Infection

    A spinal infection is described as an infection of the spine. It can occur in various locations of the...

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  • American Association of Neurological Surgeons
  • Southern Neurosurgical Society
  • North American Spine Society
  • American Board of Neurological Surgery
  • Centinel
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